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The Amazing Features in Today’s Pickup Truck Beds


With features such as LED lighting, hot spots that are portable and leather chairs, they attracting. It's the open cargo bed that is the true signature of a pickup truck. That is why the top players in the section concentrate as much effort on these beds because they do on the trucks' cabins.

Think about the four national pickups from Ford, Chevy, GMC, and Ram. Every one of these companies is currently introducing brand-new or significantly upgraded trucks to the 2018 and 2019 models years, and they exhibit innovations that are cargo-bed that are notable. Furthermore, while the classic pickups are leading the way, the current entrance from Honda has some surprises of its own.

2019 Chevrolet Silverado
The all-new Chevrolet Silverado will go on sale later in the 2018 calendar year, and not all details for the truck are available yet. Nevertheless, Chevy has shown several key improvements for the full-size Silverado's cargo bed. One option that is new that is handy is a power-operated tailgate. With this system, it is possible to automatically open or close the tailgate using buttons on the tailgate handle or on the key fob. It lowers using internal dampers After the tailgate opens.

Other notable changes for the freight box of your Silverado include a broader, stronger steel flooring. Actually, it's broad enough, based on Chevy, the shorter bed of the 2019 Silverado can hold up more freight than some 2018 competitions. The Silverado gains from integrated rear bumper measures that are bigger. The idea was to make them easier to use if you are wearing steel-toed work boots.

2018 Ford F-150
For capability, the welcomes three all-new V6 engines, such as a unit, a powerplant and a turbo-diesel. Now, the many upgrades for 2018 of the F-150 don't stretch to its shipment bed. But the truck has.

You've likely heard about the F-150's"aluminum" box, but keep in mind that it is not pure aluminum. It relies on what Ford calls"high-strength, military-grade aluminum alloys" The weight helps with both efficiency and capacity, and it's a significant reason. The second feature that is trendy of the F-150 allows you to make the most of that payload. There is a set of ramps which may be securely stowed in the bed when not needed to be fixed to the open tailgate when you would like to load an ATV.

2019 Chevrolet Silverado
Closely related to this 2019 Chevrolet Silverado under the skin, the all-new GMC Sierra shares exactly the identical cargo-box improvements. However, more features are added by the Sierra, too, in line with its brand positioning.

It offers a power open-and-close feature. Next, together with the gate opened, it is possible to pop a vertical panel to keep items that are longer set up in the bed up. You also can lower a panel which opens just half of the tailgate. With the remaining portion of the tailgate closed, that panel creates a shelf to support loading. Drop the tailgate, and the center panel unfolds into an access step.

In terms of cargo-bed substances, GMC will one-up Ford with the earliest carbon-fiber box of the industry. This setup will rely upon a carbon-fiber composite that was designed for use in a pickup. It's expected to debut later in the 2019 model year with the range-topping Sierra Denali model. In accordance with GMC, it is going to be"the most durable pickup box at the section."

2019 Ram 1500

Also brand-new for the 2019 model year is your Ram 1500. The changes here include everything from a powertrain into a mobile hot spot to an infotainment system using a touch display. Outback, the Ram 1500 takes the idea of the hands-free trunk. The system will allow you to open the tailgate by activating a sensor that's found the tailgate handle.

The 2019 Ram 1500 also proceeds to offer cargo containers that are bedside. These offer lockable storage in the space between the inner and outer walls that are pickup-bed. With a new outlet capable of using small tools and appliances, the bins could be ordered for the Ram versions.

Finally, industry publications such as Automotive News are forecasting that this generation Ram 1500 finally will be available with a vertically split tailgate. This setup would allow the 2 sections swing open or to fall down.

2019 Honda Ridgeline
The mid-sized 2019 Honda Ridgeline is virtually unchanged from the 2018 version. Which means it still offers cargo-bed content that's missing from its competitors.

This comes with a dual-action tailgate that may either fold open like a passenger door or drop down like in a pickup that is conventional. The Ridgeline also has a cargo area. You simply lift up a part of this floor as a back lid to access 7.3 cubic feet of storage. The Ridgeline is available with another exclusive: an audio system that basically converts the inside mattress panels to speakers if you're looking for a feature designed for parties.

A V6 or a V8 For Your Next Pickup Truck?


You might be wondering if you should decide on a V6 engine or a V8, if you're interested in a new pickup truck. For decades, most shoppers would not even think about a full-size pickup without a V8, but contemporary technological improvements (and contemporary gas prices) have made V6s far more attractive than they ever have been in the past. What one should you go for? We have some tips that will help you decide.

V6 or Turbocharged V6?
Most truck shoppers who would not think about a V6-powered full-size pickup probably base their opinions on past V6 motors, which were slow, noisy and -- most significantly -- not as capable as their V8 counterparts.

But times have changed, mainly due to turbocharging. Two modern full-size pickups use turbocharged V6 motors: the Ford F-150, with its EcoBoost powerplant, and the RAM 1500, that offers a turbodiesel V6. In both circumstances, the V6s set up numbers that are amazing: The F-150's EcoBoost powerplant generates 365 horsepower and an impressive 420 lb-ft of torque, while the RAM is rated at 240 horses and 420 lb-ft.

Those numbers are stronger than V8 versions of the very same pickups, particularly when it comes to torque, which can be essential for towing. The 5.0-liter V8-powered F-150 only places out 360 horses and 380 lb-ft, while even the RAM's muscular HEMI V8 just makes 410 lb-ft. In essence, turbocharging has proven a V6 does not need to be a disability in the world of full-size trucks.

Better for Towing?
Whenever some pickup shoppers have been won over to the realm of the V6 the moment they hear the power and torque figures of the Ford EcoBoost V6 or the RAM's turbodiesel powerplant, many still prefer V8 engines. 1 reason is that a lot of shoppers still believe V8s are better for towing. Is that true? Not very.

By way of instance, Ford's EcoBoost V6 is rated to tow around 11,300 lbs in any configuration: regular cab, extended cab or crew cab. The brand's 5.0-liter V8 can not crack 10,000 lbs. And even the muscle 6.2-liter V8, that yields 411 hp and 434 lb-ft, can only match -- but maybe not conquer -- the EcoBoost when it comes to towing ability.

It is a similar scenario if you consider the RAM. Although a HEMI-powered RAM pickup truck does indeed out-tow the EcoDiesel, the gap is not as big as you might expect: Properly armed V8-powered RAM versions can pull up to 10,400 pounds, while the EcoDiesel can tow a respectable 9,100 lbs.

Fuel Economy
Another benefit provided by V6 engines in the present full-scale pickup trucks is fuel economy. Regardless, the RAM EcoDiesel ca the HEMI, but its 20 mph in the city and 28 mpg on the highway far outshine the 14 mpg hwy of the HEMI. Unsurprisingly, it is the same story with just about any V6-powered truck, whether you choose the EcoBoost F-150 or even the newly redesigned Chevrolet Silverado, which does not use diesel or turbocharged technology. In the Silverado, the all-new 4.3-liter V6, which creates a commendable 285 hp and 305 lb-ft, manages to beat the 5.3-liter V8's gas mileage by 2 mpg in the city and one mpg on the highway.

We primarily advocate choosing V6 motors in pickups when you're focused on city driving, fuel economy or light-duty usage, that's the way that their pickups are used by many shoppers. Then, drivers who use their trucks may gain from V6 power, as we've seen with the towing capability and torque numbers.

But in spite of big improvements in torque power, gas mileage, and towing capability, we'd still suggest picking some of this time. Primarily, we'd pick a V8 if you often tow and haul and should the truck you're considering does not offer you a turbocharged or petrol engine option. A V8 is frequently the only way to go if you are considering certain trim levels, like the Tundra Platinum, the Sierra Denali or the Silverado High Country.

But while we concede that a V8 is the choice for some pickup-truck shoppers, we strongly suggest you don't count out a V6 just because it doesn't possess as many cylinders as a V8.

Five Best Midsize Pickup Trucks 2019


Back in 1925, Henry Ford started producing the Model T Runabout. What differentiated it was on top of having a passenger cabin, this car features a flat open-air cargo space at the back. Essentially, it had been the world's first pickup truck. Since that moment, pickup trucks have become the gold standard for workman's vehicles around the world as they are usually demanding and exceptional for transporting any manner of gear, power tools, and much more.

Nowadays many pickups fall inside the full-sized array -- As an example, the Ford F-150 (America's most popular truck) is over 17' in length and above 6' tall. However, a motor car is not practical or necessary for everyone that wants a bedded truck. Fortunately, those people don't have compromise, since trucks possess sockets that are smaller, known as pickups. If you're trying to find a truck with a bed, but you don't have a want or the need for a hulking behemoth, these small laborers are an outstanding, nimble, and frequently cheaper option. So prepare for work since these are the five pickup trucks right now.

CHEVROLET COLORADO
The Silverado is undoubtedly the most well known and popular pickup truck of Chevrolet, but it does not mean that its little brother -- that the Colorado -- isn't worth a look. In reality, the Colorado nevertheless boasts an impressive range of features to pair with its smaller format, such as optional 4G LTE WiFi connectivity, driver assistance security features like collision alert and lane departure warning, and a best-in-class tow capacity of up to 7,700 pounds. Together with the Colorado, you are able to select between a lot of personalized alternatives, along with among three different engines: a 2.5L 4-cylinder with 200 horsepower; a Duramax 2.8L turbodiesel with best-in-class torque, towing, and fuel market; or even a 3.6L DOHC V6 with 308 horsepower and 275 foot-pounds of torque. If you are not thinking about going through all of the trouble to personalize your trip but you want something that can handle the task, you can rest easy knowing that the ZR2 sub-model is Chevy midsize truck ever.

Towing: 3,500-7,700 LBS
Horsepower: Up to 308
MPG: Up to 30 w/ 2.8L Turbodiesel

GMC CANYON
Whether that may be disputed or not, there's no denying that the Canyon is an impressive machine in the category. Much of its specs are on par with all the Chevrolet Colorado, for example, its highest capability and MPG rating, but the aggressive styling that is Sierra-like is visually appealing. The base model comes with an inline 2.5-liter with 200 horsepower and 191 foot-pounds of torque, but it may also be upgraded to a V6 which bumps the ponies up to 308 and torque to 275 ft-lbs. It also comes with the choice to get an inline 4-cylinder diesel with 181 horsepower along with an insane 369 ft-lbs of torque -- so, if you would like to tow a camper, that is your best option. This pickup also doubles as a 4G WiFi hotspot, offers collision and lane passing alarms, and comes standard with an 8? touchscreen control interface to satisfy your high tech needs. You'd be right if you think that it seems like a tossup between the Canyon and the Colorado.


HONDA RIDGELINE
At first glance, you might think that the Honda Ridgeline seems like they just slapped a mattress on the end of a Pilot. But, they've done a more comprehensive rework compared to that. For starters, the bed features an integrated hideaway back for additional storage (perhaps some grilling equipment ). Additionally, it comes with a rear gate, so you can opt to fold it drop down it like a pickup gate or open like a door. The mattress is also made to be free of these annoying wheel-well humps and has the option for a power socket (possibly to plug in a TV while you tailgate) and/or an in-bed speaker program. You may even select between all-wheel drive or two-wheel drive to match with the conventional 3.5L V6 engine using a 6-speed automatic transmission. As an additional bonus, this pickup has been a 2017 IIHS top security pick and got a 5-star NHTSA security evaluation.

Towing: 3,500-5,000 LBS
Horsepower: As much as 280
MPG: As much as 26

NISSAN FRONTIER
Let's begin with the obvious: Nissan's Frontier gets the lowest. And while that might not appear to be a huge gap, the money saved could go toward a few optional updates, which makes this truck a fairly stellar contender. You can opt for a superior 4-liter V6 engine using 261 horsepower and 281 foot-pounds of torque, although the version of this truck includes a 152 horsepower 4-cylinder engine using a manual transmission. And, if you're especially specific, you may select from a myriad of upgrades such as a bed extender, step rails, or possibly a bed-mounted tent which will let you take automobile camping trips to the next level. Just make sure you stick to a budget when putting together a customized bundle of the Frontier, since Nissan operates a bit of a nickel-and-dime upgrade scheme that could easily increase your price.

Towing: 3,500-6,500 LBS

TOYOTA TACOMA
The Toyota Tacoma -- and its own varying iterations -- may be one of the pickup trucks of time due to its reliability functionality and capabilities, and good looks. And that's not even with a sub-class consideration. Toyota just has a reputation for building really good pickups -- it was that the guys at Top Gear both drove to the North Pole and attempted and failed to ruin. The Tacoma includes your choice of a 2.7-liter four-cylinder offering 180 foot-pounds of torque or an upgrade to a 3.5-liter V-6 using 265 foot-pounds of torque along with a manual or automatic transmission. And, if you're keen on the idea of carrying your automobile adventuring, the TRD Pro trim includes a heavy-duty suspension, 4-wheel drive with an automatic limited-slip differential, and skid plates to help you to get all four wheels where you are planning to go. Oh, and the Tacoma is a great option since they maintain their value if you expect that you may pay someplace down the line.


Horsepower: 159-278

Pickup Truck Suspension System Guide


Whether you have a Dodge Ram 4x4 or some compact Toyota Tacoma, the suspension is an important part of your pickup truck's overall functionality. Comprised of a series of springs and shock absorbers, a suspension system is designed to cushion the driver and the vehicle out of embarrassing hazardous road conditions.

How a Suspension System Works
A suspension process is traditionally created using springs that absorb a portion of the jolt when you hit a bump, permitting the tires and axle to transfer and softening the impact.

If the axle of the truck was attached to the frame you would feel every tiny crack because nothing would be set up to absorb the effect. Since its tires would bounce off the ground if you hit a bump, in reality, you would not be able to control the truck.

One of the first forms of suspension, a leaf spring system consists of one or more long, arched pieces of steel that are made to bend when necessary (like when you hit a bump or put a load in the truck bed), however with the ability to return to the arch's original form.

One end of a leaf spring is connected to the frame, along with the other end is attached to a shackle that may move, allowing the spring's overall length to change up to its arch flexes (after carrying a load or traveling over bumps).

Adding more foliage springs allows the system to encourage more weight, which is why heavier duty trucks have multiple layers of leaf springs.

A leaf spring does not support as heavy of a load as multiples, but it flexes more freely with all the ups and downs of a road, providing a comfortable ride.

A pile of leaf springs supports a heavier load making it more difficult for the primary leaf to flex and preventing the vehicle. The trade-off is a stiffer ride when the truck mattress is vacant, because, with no load, very little flex takes place.

Coil Spring Suspension Systems
Coil spring suspension systems have been used on front and back and on the front of trucks of automobiles. Systems have a single coil on each side of the automobile. The coil moves more freely supplying more along with a comfortable ride.

Back Suspension Systems
Manufacturers have utilized leaf springs for pickup truck rear suspensions since they believed that kind of system provided the best service for heavy loads.

Dodge broke from tradition with its 2009 Ram 1500s, installing a coil spring suspension system that the system would carry a load. The setup has proved to be highly successful.

Why You Need A Pickup Truck


Trucks: where would we be without them? No move-in would be absolute, no special delivery could happen, and no appropriate tailgate party may throw down without a pickup truck. Trucks enable us to do more by carrying out more of whatever there is to haul -- if that's pizza, pet supplies, or a pool table.

In many ways, trucks and American civilization are closely intertwined. Both have an air of capacity, bravado, and rugged adventurousness. The USA is a do-it-all, be-it-all country, and for all those aspect of that culture there is to celebrate, there's a truck to flaunt it. With modern trucks' diversity, there is almost no demand for luxury sedans or sleek sports cars -- trucks provide those can, plus a mattress in the back.

Big boys
For example, look at the luxury focal point of the GMC Sierra Denali. It has many of the same attributes premium sedans do. A massive chrome grille, huge wheels, and LED running lights all add eye-catching bling. Technology is among the best too: the newest Sierra Denali 1500 comes with an available carbon fiber bed, three-by-seven inch heads-up screen, and HD side-view cameras to make parking the monster a breeze.

Ford's King Ranch trimming level, available on the F-150 and F-350, supplies what must be the most lavish interior in any American vehicle. Supple embossed and lace abounds, with acres of timber grain veneers around the cottage. All this and the huge cabin mean people won't ever be uneasy.

On the lookout for something with more oomph? The Dodge Ram SRT-10 put the benchmark for sporty trucks, packaging a 500 horsepower V10 pulled straight from the Viper -- not to mention an available six-speed manual transmission. It's far out of lightweight, but so long as the steering wheel is pointed directly, it'll haul far more than cargo.

However, the most impressive sport truck now is the powerful Ford SVT Raptor. This really is a machine bred from desert racing and constructed to control any surface. The Raptor has a critical presence -- it rides a few inches wider and greater than the F-150 it's based on, making it so large that it needs government-mandated running lights in the grille, like a semi. Wherever it's rolling, the V8 in the first-gen Raptor and twin-turbo V6 from the current-gen make it fast despite its heft.

Chicken Tax
Now, if there is one thing American trucks have in common, it is they're big -- really big. That's good for cargo-carrying potential, but less so for motorists who wish to haul some things and have a vehicle that's decent on town roads. Small trucks are common in the rest of the Earth, so why not at the USA? The Solution is in the Chicken Tax.

Yes, even the Chicken Tax. A leftover from a 1960s-era commerce war levied by President Lyndon Johnson, the Chicken Tax applies a 25% tariff on imported light-duty trucks. This makes it prohibitively expensive for overseas automakers to deliver smaller trucks to the U.S., in which they'd essentially provide less ability at the exact same or greater price than bigger, American made pickups.

Some OEMs have found creative ways to circumvent the tariff. Mercedes was understood to fabricate their Sprinter van (technically classified as a light truck) in a ready-to-build components kit in Germany, then ship it to South Carolina to allow American employees to build, thus skirting the Chicken Tax. It really goes to show the inane ramifications of automotive trade tariffs, and the way they ultimately limit customers' freedom of choice.

Nonetheless, there are solid options for trucks that are not gargantuan in size. The Toyota Tacoma is a classic, and the Chevy Colorado is a comparative newcomer. They're compact enough for cities, but each is available with multiple bed lengths, and at Raptor-esque off-road trim with all the Tacoma TRD Pro and Colorado ZR2. The segment is growing, too: Ford has announced they are bringing back the Ranger, and even Hyundai is rumored to be working on something to compete.

Conclusion

Sports cars are fun, and luxury whips are fine, but if it comes down to it a car's top functions are practicality, capabilities, and endurance. With the increasing range of trucks available on the market, there's an option to suit any driver's needs. Ask yourself: if you can just have one automobile to drive every day for the rest of your life, could it be anything less than a truck?

10 Common Fuel Questions


Pickup truck owners are able to choose from an assortment of fuels, all which works differently in a pickup. Not sure which fuel is best for your vehicle? Continue reading for the answers to common questions about fuel.

Preignition, when gasoline ignites before the spark plug fires, can cause substantial damage to an engine. When a truckmaker calls for a particular octane level, that's the level at which the engine will operate without preignition issues. Higher-octane gas may withstand preignition at higher pressures, which is why many turbocharged engines require 91-octane fuel. When utilizing a higher-than-recommended octane rating won't harm an engine, it also generally won't supply any extra benefits for many vehicles. For older or worn engines, or if a pinging noise can be observed from the engine, running higher-octane fuel can extend the life of the engine.

 

What Octane Rating Should I Use?

Some motors can ping or pre-ignite under heavy loads but run fine otherwise. If this is the case, running higher octane when hauling or towing could be beneficial. If your truck employs diesel, this is a non-issue for you. Diesel engines don't pre-ignite since they inject gas at the time of combustion.

 

What's Ethanol?

Ethanol fuel is a renewable fuel source produced from grain or corn. It may be located at many gas channels and is prevalent in the Midwest; a notice in the gas pump will state that the gas contains around 10 percent ethanol. Pure ethanol has an octane rating of 110, so adding this to gas is a simple method to raise the octane rating. Some stations even offer you an E85 choice; this gasoline is 85 percent ethanol.

 

How Does Ethanol Affect My Engine?

A vehicle needs to be properly equipped to operate E85. Flex-fuel vehicles are made to deal with both E85 and normal petrol. Without becoming too complicated, E85 has a much lower air-to-fuel ratio than petrol, meaning that it requires more vapor than petrol for good combustion. Additionally, it has a roughly 20 percent less energy per gallon than gasoline, so running ethanol will lower gas mileage clearly. On the flipside, with E85 more fuel is pumped to find the proper air-to-fuel ratio, and it's other properties that enable an engine to make more power. To operate E85, the fuel must be recovered in different amounts into the engine. In addition, other system modifications are needed to protect the fuel system hoses and connectors. On the other hand, ethanol can dissolve deposits in the fuel system, which can clog the very small ports in a carburetor. When using a carbureted engine, it's best to utilize ethanol-free gasoline whenever possible.

 

What's Biodiesel Fuel?

Like ethanol, biodiesel is made of renewable energy resources such as cooking fats and oils. Biodiesel is biodegradable and won't contaminate water or soil if spilled.

 

How Will Biodiesel Affect My Engine?

Biodiesel and B20 have decreased emissions over standard diesel fuel, which can be a big incentive for the environment. Biodiesel has improved lubricating properties and will extend injector and engine life over standard diesel fuel. Like ethanol, biodiesel is a better solvent than the standard fuel. For vehicles with existing deposits in the gas, switching to B20 from standard diesel can lead to fuel filters to clog since it hastens and dislodges deposits. While this isn't a major problem, it will require the fuel filter to be replaced often. Biodiesel can be used in most modern diesel engines, but always check the operator's manual to be sure. The extra solvent properties of biodiesel can damage some rubber components and seals. If the car isn't recorded as being B20 compatible, stick with standard diesel fuel to prevent damage.

 

What Exactly Does Leading Tier Mean?

The"high grade" fuel designation was first implemented in 2004 for gas and fall of 2017 for petrol. Fuel ranked as high tier signifies that the fuel meets requirements for minimal detergent and maximum deposit amounts under specific test requirements. For owners, that usually means the fuel they are buying will not cause excessive deposit buildup over time. Purchasing top-tier 91-octane gasoline over top-tier 89-octane gasoline will not supply more cleaning power because they meet the identical test requirements. Top-tier diesel fuel has comparable inherent properties, but it also enhances lubricity, stability, and protection against water. Using top-tier fuels keeps an engine significantly cleaner than using non-top-tier fuels. This decreases the demand for fuel additives to clean out the engine and increases engine life.

 

If I Use Fuel Additives?

You will find a variety of fuel additives available for gasoline and diesel engines. Depending upon the vehicle make and model, driving customs, surroundings where the vehicle is controlled, its age, fuel type used and lots of different factors, a fuel additive could be needed. There are additives which help prevent diesel fuels from gelling at low temperatures and additives that clean carbon deposits in the injectors, enhance octane ratings, increase storage life and reduce corrosive properties. Some additives may be blended together and used at the same time, though others should be used independently. Additives may improve fuel mileage, reduce rough idling, enhance power and extend the life of the fuel. For vehicles in moderate environments, fuel additives must be needed only occasionally to keep the motor running at its best. Vehicles used in harsh environments or who sit for extended periods of time might need additives more often. Fuel additives are proven to harm engines when used improperly, so be sure to follow instructions when using additives for a pickup.

 

For engines that are not used regularly, or are only used seasonally, it is important to take appropriate care with storage. Generally, gasoline should be used within one month of purchase, but it might last six months when stored properly. Diesel fuel should also be utilized within one month when possible but can last up to 12 weeks with proper storage.

 

What is the Best Way to Store Fuel?

If you don't drive your truck frequently, maintain the gas tank 95 percent full to permit for expansion and contraction. Should you have to store fuel for your pickup, it's imperative to use a correct airtight container that has a little space for growth but not so much that there'll be a good deal of water condensation. Fuel containers should be kept in a cool place that is out of sunlight. Also, different additives have different recommendations for storage. Make sure you check local security regulations about petrol storage to ensure that you're not keeping it or in excessive amounts.

 

In case you have any additional questions about fuel, feel free to list them in the comments section below and when our readers don't have the answer, we'll be sure to chime in. Have you ever had any positive or negative issues with additives? Have you experienced your vehicle not starting because of gelled diesel fuel? Have you got fuel solutions we have not mentioned here? Tell us so we can all gain from each other's experiences.

Understanding Pickup Truck Torque


For many readers, knowing horsepower is easy; the bigger the number, the faster you go. Torque, nevertheless, is a figure that underlies horsepower. As soon as you understand what it is, and its relationship to horsepower, you'll find it an equally important number to know.

If you remember your high school math course, you might remember that power is the speed at which work is finished. In a car engine, the energy generated is known as horsepower.

He did not. However, he did invent numerous different things, including the concept of horsepower.

In 1782, a sawmill ordered an engine from Watt's company to replace 12 horses. Watt used data from the sawmill to see that a London draft horse could work at a speed of 22,000 foot-pounds per second in an eight-hour moment. Just to be safe, Watt increased the figure by 50 percent. He explained one horse's capability as the capability to move 33,000 pounds one foot per minute or 550 pounds one foot in one second.

To ascertain how much horsepower a motor has, automakers use a dynamometer, which measures the twisting force created by the engine's crankshaft at different speeds, or revolutions per minute (RPM). In fact, but the dynamometer is not measuring horsepower. It is measuring torque.

Torque is the twisting force brought to an object. You do it all the time. Eliminate a twist-off cap out of a soda bottle; you have applied torque to do it.

Once the engine torque is determined, a mathematical formula -- torque multiplied by RPM and divided from 5,252 -- is used to ascertain horsepower. Torque can be scientifically measured; horsepower cannot.

Remember, torque is the sum of force attracted to an object; horsepower is the pace at which it is implemented. How they work in your car is dependent on the gearing of an automobile's transmission, differentials, and axles.

Think about both a pickup truck and a sports car with a 5.0-liter V-8 and the same horsepower rating. A pickup truck is going to be geared lower in order that more torque is available at low speeds for hauling and towing. Rather, the torque is used to get the sports car through its gears as fast as possible.

Knowing this, you can tell if or not a vehicle's powerplant has a great deal of grunt down low for hauling or is just one that's highly strung for speed. The Ford F-150's 3.5-liter EcoBoost V-6 engine features a torque rating of 420 pound-feet at 2,500 rpm, making it perfect for towing because of the torque peaks at a mere 2,500 rpm. By contrast, torque at a sports car typically peaks at higher rpm; rev the engine and you get more speed, not towing ability.

In the long run, torque makes a big difference not only in how the car feels, however it functions. Know the numbers, and you know what you are in for the next time you test-drive a car or truck.

Pick The Right Tires For Your Pickup Truck


Truck people have a tendency to consider tire replacement time for a time of amazing opportunity and potential -- and rightly so!

Different tires can yield completely different results in terms of truck characteristics, functionality, and limitations. The assortment of truck tires available means that there is definitely a set out there which matches your priorities and the way you use your truck or SUV -- it is only a matter of finding'em.

Nevertheless, the wide variety of tire types and options may also confuse truck owners, or at least overwhelm them and set them in a perpetual state of indecision.

The key to making the right tire selection for the automobile is becoming acquainted with the types of tires available. Before you start contemplating individual tires, then it's best to determine which tire kind will satisfy your needs and wants.

Here's an overview of truck tire kinds to help you get started.

1. All-season (on-road performance concentrate)

If your truck has been armed with all-season tires from the factory, then you most likely have lots of miles to reflect on. From a performance standpoint, are you satisfied with the encounter? Or did the tires fall brief off road, through wintertime, or in any of your additional driving contexts? Were they a hauling or towing limitation?

All-season truck tires are ideal for drivers who push the majority of their miles off and do not require higher truck functionality constraints.

Remember that your truck was engineered and tested using a specific kind of tire. If your purpose is to keep things as consistent as you can while being amenable to the possibility of average performance improvements (by way of instance, greater comfort, fuel economy, wintertime grip, or on-road management dynamics), then direct your attention toward all-season truck tires.

2. All-terrain (balanced on/off-road performance concentrate)

All-terrain truck tires are for individuals who use their truck to operate and/or experience.

All-terrain tires are best for drivers who split their time - and - off-road, or in additional driving contexts where extra durability and higher performance constraints are advantageous. Examples include:

  • Deep snow: An increasing number of all-terrain tires are intense snow ranked (exhibiting the Three-Peak Mountain Snowflake emblem ), and when paired with a 4x4 truck can efficiently claw through a number of the winter worst states.
  • Driving on rough, potholed streets: Tougher sidewalls and superior durability create all-terrain tires preferable when the neighborhood street commission has gone missing in action. The extra ruggedness and capability of all-terrain tires will have some drawbacks. Potential all-terrain buyers should allow for the possibility of more road noise, decreased fuel economy (due to more prominent tread blocks and heavier fat ), and less managing performance/responsiveness.

3. Mud-terrain (off-road performance focus)

For maximum off-road performance and also the most aggressive look, mud-terrain tires would be the thing to do.

Although they're sometimes used on-road by everyday drivers, mud-terrain tires have been designed to accumulate the vast majority of miles from challenging off-road surroundings. Therefore, the perfect mud-terrain scooter user spends up to 80 percent of the time off-road, and about 20% on-road.


See All-terrain tires vs mud-terrain tires for a comprehensive analysis. However, recent progress using noise-canceling tread pattern technologies has made mud-terrain tires more livable in an everyday basis than ever before.

Types of Pickup Trucks


The pickup truck has developed from a workhouse offered as an automobile chassis, cowl engine into a luxury vehicle that rivals the best and most expensive cars on the street. Through much of the pickup's presence, the truck was outfitted only with a regular-size taxi and six-foot freight bed. Ford's debut of the four-door crew taxi helped changed the length of the pickup truck indefinitely.

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Mass-produced pickup trucks began appearing in 1917 with the introduction of the Ford Model TT chassis. It was not until the first postwar period that Detroit automakers began to take relaxation, body style and safety more seriously. As a result, a wider variety of pickups started to appear.

Cab styles
Four-door crew cabs date into the mid-1950s. Volkswagen in the 1960s offered cab-forward single cab or dual cab pickups. The extended two-door taxi of the 1970s featured additional distance behind the flex chair for storage or for jump seats. The extended cab has evolved into the four-door luxury crew cabs that could accommodate up to six individuals.

Body designs
Chevrolet popularized the Fleetside body design with its C/K collection that premiered in 1960. The Fleetside had the mattress stretched over the rear wheels with flat side panels. The Fleetside soon became the standard body style for trucks. Conventional step side trucks stayed with the bed found within the wheels with protruding back fenders.

Compact Pickups
These trucks are basically junior versions of their full-size pickups. The compact pickup's wheelbase averages about 111 inches and measures around 190 inches in length. The compact has lost ground in sales in recent years since gas mileage isn't significantly better compared to full-size variants.

Coupe Utility
The prevalence of the passenger car-based coupe utility pickup has ebbed and flowed over the decades with the 1957-1979 Ford Ranchero and 1959-1960 and 1964-1987 Chevrolet El Camino being top vendors. Unlike traditional pickups that are set on a truck platform, the coupe utility is put on a passenger automobile platform. It's all the conveniences of a vehicle but has the bed and towing capacity of a vehicle.

The rising popularity of this sports utility vehicle prompted demands by the general public for a pickup truck which provided all of the workhorse capability of a truck, but the comforts of an ultra-luxury car. In 2001, Ford launched the luxury, Lincoln Blackwood. However, the Blackwood proved overly lavish and not functional for pickup duty and stopped production a year after. Its rival, the Cadillac Escalade EXT, introduced in 2002, is a far more versatile pickup with a sensible non-luxurious bed.

Aftermarket truck personalization has prompted automakers to come up with their very own unique edition trucks. The Chevrolet Silverado had featured a Super Sport, or SS, package with stiffer suspension, special exterior badging and an engine. The Silverado SS, however, is not currently offered. Ford produces its Harley-Davidson edition using the bike company's logo emblazoned on the exterior of the truck and a host of other performance characteristics.

The Pros and Cons of 4×4 or 4×2 Pickup Trucks


When buying a truck or SUV many go through the internal debate of whether to buy a vehicle using a 4×4 or 4×two drivetrain. Because there is with anything, there are pros and cons to both choices. Hopefully after reading the advice below, making a determination on the drivetrain you want to or desire will be a lot simpler.

4X2 Drivetrain

A 4×2 drivetrain (4×two ) delivers torque or drive to the car's front or rear-wheel axle, so only two of the four wheels. This a 4×two drivetrain is more common than a 4×4 to virtually all cars, trucks and SUVs.

Experts of 4×2 Drivetrain

Compared with 4×4 vehicles, lots of the benefits of a 4×two automobile are linked to weight. A vehicle using a four-wheel drivetrain has extra components to deliver torque to all four wheels, and those elements make a car thicker, meaning a 4×4 vehicle's fuel market and payload and towing capacities are all lower than those of a 4×two vehicle.

Additionally, 4×two vehicles possess a lower starting price. The price difference between 4×4 or 2 ×4 vehicles typically ranges between $1,000 to $3,000. At length, two-wheel drive vehicles have improved handling and they are easier to drive due to the weight balance of the vehicle.

Disadvantages of 4×2 Drivetrain

The negatives of a 4×two vehicle are less important for people who reside in warm and flat climates, such as Florida, Arizona or Texas, in which there is not any snow or ice. However, individuals who prefer to go off-roading or that reside in mountainous, snowy or icy areas may find that a 4×2 vehicle does not fulfill their demands.

4×4 Drivetrain

A four-wheel drivetrain (4×4) provides torque or drive to the car's four wheels. Most SUVs and trucks are available with a 4×4 drivetrain and a few vehicles, like the Ram Power Wagon and Jeep Wrangler, comes standard with a 4×4 drivetrain. You can view Driver's Auto Mart's collection of 4×4 vehicles. We have quite a few options, such as Ford, Ram and Chevy trucks in addition to SUVs.

Pros of 4×4 Drivetrain

Concerning off-road capacities and hard terrains, 4×4 vehicles are much better than 4×2 vehicles, especially in regards to mud, water crossing, or steep slopes. While a 4×4 automobile might get a lower payload or towing capability in relation to a 4×two vehicle, 4×4 vehicles provide enhanced towing capabilities when on slippery inclines, like a boat ramp or slick incline.

Cons of 4×4 Drivetrain

4×4 vehicles have a higher starting price and they are slightly less fuel efficient compared to 4×two vehicles, so they are a bit more expensive to have. The excess drivetrain parts make 4×4 vehicles a bit more expensive to maintain and more difficult to drive.